definition of with by The Free Dictionary

with

 (wĭth, wĭth)

prep.

1. In the company of; accompanying: Did you go with her?

2. Next to; alongside of: stood with the rabbi; sat with the family.

3.

a. Having as a possession, attribute, or characteristic: arrived with bad news; a man with a moustache.

b. Used as a function word to indicate accompanying detail or condition: just sat there with his mouth open; a patient with a bad back.

4.

a. In a manner characterized by: performed with skill; spoke with enthusiasm.

b. In the performance, use, or operation of: had trouble with the car.

5. In the charge or keeping of: left the cat with the neighbors.

6. In the opinion or estimation of: if it’s all right with you.

7.

a. In support of; on the side of: I’m with anyone who wants to help the homeless.

b. Of the same opinion or belief as: He is with us on that issue.

8. In the same group or mixture as; among: planted onions with the carrots.

9. In the membership or employment of: plays with a jazz band; is with a publishing company.

10.

a. By the means or agency of: eat with a fork; made us laugh with his jokes.

b. By the presence or use of: a pillow stuffed with feathers; balloons filled with helium.

11. In spite of: With all her experience, she could not get a job.

12. In the same direction as: sail with the wind; flow with the river.

13. At the same time as: gets up with the birds.

14.

a. In regard to: We are pleased with her decision. They are disgusted with the status quo.

b. Used as a function word to indicate a party to an action, communicative activity, or informal agreement or settlement: played with the dog; had a talk with the class; lives with an aunt.

15. In comparison or contrast to: a car identical with the one her sister just bought.

16. Having received: With her permission, he left. I escaped with just a few bruises.

17.

a. And; plus: My books, with my brother’s, make a sizable library. We had turkey with all the trimmings.

b. Inclusive of; including: comes to $29.95 with postage and handling.

18. In opposition to; against: wrestling with an opponent.

19. As a result or consequence of: trembling with fear; sick with the flu.

20. So as to be touching or joined to: coupled the first car with the second; linked arms with their partners.

21. So as to be free of or separated from: parted with her husband.

22. In the course of: We grow older with the hours.

23. In proportion to: wines that improve with age.

24. In relationship to: at ease with my peers.

25. As well as; in favorable comparison to: She could sing with the best of them.

26. According to the experience or practice of: With me, it is a question of priorities.

27. Used as a function word to indicate close association: With the advent of the rockets, the Space Age began.

adv. Informal

As company; along: We’re going to the movies. Are you coming with?

Idioms:

in with Informal

In league or association with: He is in with the wrong crowd.

with it Informal

1. Interested in and sensitive to the latest styles and trends; up-to-date.

2. Streetwise and knowing; savvy.

3. Mentally competent.


Usage Note: When the subject of a sentence is followed by a noun or noun phrase introduced by with rather than and, the verb remains singular: The governor, with his aides, is expected to attend the fair. See Usage Note at and.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

with

(wɪð; wɪθ)

prep

1. using; by means of: he killed her with an axe.

2. accompanying; in the company of: the lady you were with.

3. possessing; having: a man with a red moustache.

4. concerning or regarding: be patient with her.

5. in spite of: with all his talents, he was still humble.

6. used to indicate a time or distance by which something is away from something else: with three miles to go, he collapsed.

7. in a manner characterized by: writing with abandon.

8. caused or prompted by: shaking with rage.

9. often used with a verb indicating a reciprocal action or relation between the subject and the preposition’s object: agreeing with me; chatting with the troops.

10. not with you informal not able to grasp or follow what you are saying

11. with it informal

a. fashionable; in style

b. comprehending what is happening or being said

12. with that after that; having said or done that

[Old English; related to Old Norse vith, Gothic withra, Latin vitricus stepfather, Sanskrit vitarám wider]

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

with

(wɪθ, wɪð)

prep.

1. accompanied by; accompanying: I will go with you.

2. in some particular relation to (esp. implying interaction, company, association, conjunction, or connection): I dealt with the problem. She agreed with me.

3. characterized by or having: a person with initiative.

4. by the use of as a means or instrument; using: cut with a knife.

5. in a manner using or showing: to work with diligence.

6. in correspondence, comparison, or proportion to: How does their plan compare with ours?

7. in regard to: to be pleased with a gift.

8. owing to: to shake with fear.

9. in the region, sphere, or view of: It is day with us while it is night with the Chinese.

10. from: to part with a thing.

11. against, as in opposition or competition: Don’t fight with your brother.

12. in the keeping or service of: to leave something with a friend.

13. in affecting the judgment, estimation, or consideration of: Her argument carried a lot of weight with the trustees.

14. at the same time as or immediately after; upon: And with that last remark, she turned and left.

15. of the same opinion or conviction as: Are you with me on this issue?

16. in proximity to or in the same household as: He lives with his parents.

17. (used as a function word to specify an additional circumstance or condition): We climbed the hill, with Jeff following behind.

Idioms:

with it, aware of and participating in up-to-date trends.

[before 900; Middle English, Old English: opposite, against (c. Old Norse vith), appar. short variant of Old English wither against, c. Old Saxon withar, Old High German widar, Old Norse vithr, Gothic withra]

with-

a combining form of with, having a separative or opposing force: withdraw; withstand.
[Middle English, Old English. See with]

Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

with

1. basic uses

If one person or thing is with another, they are together in one place.

I stayed with her until she fell asleep.

The dictionaries go on that shelf with the other reference books.

If you do something with a tool or object, you do it using that tool or object.

Clean the floor with a mop.

He pushed back his hair with his hand.

2. used to mention an opponent

You use with after verbs like fight or argue. For example, if two people are fighting, you can say that one person is fighting with the other.

He was always fighting with his brother.

Judy was arguing with Brian.

Similarly, you can use with after nouns like fight or argument.

I had a disagreement with my friend.

She won a legal battle with her employer.

3. used in descriptions

You can use with immediately after a noun phrase to mention a physical feature that someone or something has.

He was an old man with a beard.

They lived in a house with white walls and a red roof.

You can use with like this to identify someone or something. For example, you can refer to someone as ‘the tall man with red hair’.

Who’s that girl with the gold earrings?

Our house is the one with the blue shutters.

You don’t usually use “https://www.thefreedictionary.com/with” to mention what someone is wearing. Instead you use in.

I noticed a smart woman in a green dress.

The office was full of men in suits.

Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012

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