## square

(skwâr)

*n.*

**1. ** A polygon having four equal sides and four equal angles.

**2. ** Something having an equal-sided rectangular form: a square of cloth.

**3. ** A T-shaped or L-shaped instrument for drawing or testing right angles.

**4. ** *Mathematics* The product obtained when a number or quantity is multiplied by itself: 49 is the square of 7.

**5. ** *Games* Any of the quadrilateral spaces on a board, as in chess.

**6.**

**a. *** Abbr. ***Sq.** An open, usually four-sided area at the intersection of two or more streets, often planted with grass and trees for use as a park.

**b. ** A rectangular space enclosed by streets and occupied by buildings; a block.

**7. ** The flower bud of a cotton plant, with three bracts surrounding the unopened flower in a pyramidal structure.

**8. ** *Slang* A person who is regarded as dull, rigidly conventional, and out of touch with current trends.

*adj.*

**squar·er**,

**squar·est**

**1. ** Having four equal sides and four right angles.

**2. ** Forming a right angle.

**3. ** In alignment or flush: Put the paper square with the edge of the desk.

**4.**

**a. *** Abbr. ***sq.** Expressed in units measuring area: square feet.

**b. ** Having a specified length in each of two equal dimensions: a room that is 12 feet square.

**5. ** Having a base that is a square: a square pyramid.

**6. ** *Nautical* Set at right angles to the mast and keel. Used of the yards of a square-rigged ship.

**7. ** Approximately rectangular and equilateral in cross section: a square house.

**8. ** Characterized by blocklike solidity or sturdiness.

**9. ** Honest; direct: a square answer.

**10. ** Just; equitable: a square deal.

**11. ** Having all accounts settled; even: I paid what I owed you, so we’re square.

**12. ** *Sports* Even; tied.

**13. ** *Slang* Rigidly conventional; dull.

*v.* **squared**, **squar·ing**, **squares**

*v.*

*tr.*

**1. ** To cut to a square or rectangular shape. Often used with *off.*

**2. ** To test or adjust for conformity to a desired plane, straight line, or right angle.

**3. ** To mark into squares. Often used with *off.*

**4.**

**a. ** To bring into conformity or agreement: She could not square the request with her principles.

**b. ** To bring (oneself) into a better position or relation: He tried to square himself with his parents.

**5. ** To set straight or at approximate right angles: square one’s cap.

**6. ** To bring into balance; settle: square a debt.

**7. ** *Sports* To even the score of: to square a game.

**8.**

*Mathematics*

**a. ** To raise (a number or quantity) to the second power.

**b. ** To find a square equal in area to (the area of a given figure).

**9. ** *Informal* To bribe or fix: a party in litigation that tried to square the judge.

*v.*

*intr.*

**1. ** *Mathematics* To be at right angles.

**2. ** To agree or conform: a story that doesn’t square with the facts.

*adv.*

**1. ** *Mathematics* At right angles.

**2. ** In a square shape.

**3. ** In a solid manner; firmly.

**4. ** Directly; straight: ran square into each other.

**5. ** In an honest, straightforward manner.

*Phrasal Verbs: *

*square away***1. ** *Nautical* To square the yards of a sailing vessel.

**2. ** To put away or in order.

*square off*To assume a fighting stance; prepare to fight.

*square up*To settle a bill or debt.

*Idioms: *

*on the square***1. ** *Mathematics* At right angles.

**2. ** Honestly and openly: has always dealt on the square.

*out of square***1. ** *Mathematics* Not at exact right angles.

**2. ** Not in agreement.

*square peg in a round hole**Informal*

A misfit.

*three squares a day**Informal*

Three square meals eaten in a day.

*to square*: Latin ex-,

*ex-*+ quadrāre,

*to give a square shape to*(from quadrum,

*a square*; see k

^{w}etwer- in Indo-European roots).]

**square′ness*** n.*

**squar′er*** n.*

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.