definition of crop by The Free Dictionary





a. Cultivated plants or agricultural produce, such as grain, vegetables, or fruit, considered as a group: Wheat is a common crop.

b. The total yield of such produce in a particular season or place: an orchard that produced a huge crop of apples last year.

2. A group, quantity, or supply appearing at one time: a crop of new ideas.

3. A short haircut.

4. An earmark on an animal.


a. A short whip used in horseback riding, with a loop serving as a lash.

b. The stock of a whip.

6. Zoology

a. A pouchlike enlargement of a bird’s gullet in which food is partially digested or stored for regurgitation to nestlings.

b. A similar enlargement in the digestive tract of annelids and insects.

v. cropped, crop·ping, crops


a. To cut or bite off the tops or ends of: crop a hedge; sheep cropping grass.

b. To cut (hair, for example) very short.

c. To clip (an animal’s ears, for example).

d. To trim (a photograph or picture, for example).


a. To harvest: crop salmon.

b. To cause to grow or yield a crop.


1. To feed on growing grasses and herbage.

2. To plant, grow, or yield a crop.

Phrasal Verb:

crop up

To appear unexpectedly or occasionally: “one of the many theories that keep cropping up in his story” (Christopher Lehmann-Haupt).

[Middle English, from Old English cropp, ear of grain.]

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.




1. (Agriculture) the produce of cultivated plants, esp cereals, vegetables, and fruit

2. (Agriculture)

a. the amount of such produce in any particular season

b. the yield of some other farm produce: the lamb crop.

3. a group of products, thoughts, people, etc, appearing at one time or in one season: a crop of new publications.

4. (Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) the stock of a thonged whip

5. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) short for riding crop
6. (Zoology)

a. a pouchlike expanded part of the oesophagus of birds, in which food is stored or partially digested before passing on to the gizzard

b. a similar structure in insects, earthworms, and other invertebrates

7. (Tanning) the entire tanned hide of an animal

8. (Hairdressing & Grooming) a short cropped hairstyle. See also Eton crop

9. (Agriculture) a notch in or a piece cut out of the ear of an animal

10. the act of cropping

vb (mainly tr) , crops, cropping or cropped

11. to cut (hair, grass, etc) very short

12. (Agriculture) to cut and collect (mature produce) from the land or plant on which it has been grown

13. (Agriculture) to clip part of (the ear or ears) of (an animal), esp as a means of identification

14. (Agriculture) (also intr) to cause (land) to bear or (of land) to bear or yield a crop: the land cropped well.

15. (Agriculture) (of herbivorous animals) to graze on (grass or similar vegetation)

16. (Photography) photog to cut off or mask unwanted edges or areas of (a negative or print)

[Old English cropp; related to Old Norse kroppr rump, body, Old High German kropf goitre, Norwegian kröypa to bend]

Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



n., v. cropped, crop•ping. n.

1. the cultivated produce of the ground, while growing or when gathered: the wheat crop.

2. the yield of such produce in one season.

3. the yield of any product in a season.

4. a group of persons or things appearing or occurring together: the new crop of freshmen.

5. the stock or handle of a whip.

6. a short riding whip consisting of a stock without a lash.


a. a pouch in the esophagus of many birds, in which food is held for later digestion or for regurgitation to nestlings.

b. a chamber in the foregut of some annelids and insects for holding and crushing food.

8. a mark produced by clipping the ears, as of cattle.

9. a close cutting of something, as the hair.


10. to cut or bite off the top of (a plant, grass, etc.): sheep cropping the grass.

11. to cut off the ends or a part of: to crop the ears of a dog.

12. to cut short.

13. to trim (a photographic print or negative).

14. to cause to bear a crop.


15. to yield a crop.

16. to feed by cropping or grazing.

17. crop out,

a. to rise to the surface of the ground: Veins of quartz crop out in the canyon walls.

b. to occur.

18. crop up, to appear, esp. suddenly or unexpectedly.

[before 900; Middle English, Old English: sprout, ear of corn, paunch, crown of a tree, c. Middle Dutch, Middle Low German kropp, Old High German kropf, Old Norse kroppr; compare croup2]

Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


 the product or yield of anything growing; something resembling a crop; the offspring of animals and birds.

Examples: crop of beardless youths, 1830; of corn, 1440; of crystals; of petty discussions, 1862; of geese, 1825; of goose pimples; of lambs, 1825; of lies; of logs, 1879; of turkeys, 1825; of ulcers; of wheat, 1530.

Dictionary of Collective Nouns and Group Terms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Past participle: cropped
Gerund: cropping

I crop
you crop
he/she/it crops
we crop
you crop
they crop
I cropped
you cropped
he/she/it cropped
we cropped
you cropped
they cropped
Present Continuous
I am cropping
you are cropping
he/she/it is cropping
we are cropping
you are cropping
they are cropping
Present Perfect
I have cropped
you have cropped
he/she/it has cropped
we have cropped
you have cropped
they have cropped
Past Continuous
I was cropping
you were cropping
he/she/it was cropping
we were cropping
you were cropping
they were cropping
Past Perfect
I had cropped
you had cropped
he/she/it had cropped
we had cropped
you had cropped
they had cropped
I will crop
you will crop
he/she/it will crop
we will crop
you will crop
they will crop
Future Perfect
I will have cropped
you will have cropped
he/she/it will have cropped
we will have cropped
you will have cropped
they will have cropped
Future Continuous
I will be cropping
you will be cropping
he/she/it will be cropping
we will be cropping
you will be cropping
they will be cropping
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cropping
you have been cropping
he/she/it has been cropping
we have been cropping
you have been cropping
they have been cropping
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cropping
you will have been cropping
he/she/it will have been cropping
we will have been cropping
you will have been cropping
they will have been cropping
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cropping
you had been cropping
he/she/it had been cropping
we had been cropping
you had been cropping
they had been cropping
I would crop
you would crop
he/she/it would crop
we would crop
you would crop
they would crop
Past Conditional
I would have cropped
you would have cropped
he/she/it would have cropped
we would have cropped
you would have cropped
they would have cropped

Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011


1. Another name for a fowl’s Craw.

2. A short riding whip.

3. Any plant grown extensively for food or profit.

1001 Words and Phrases You Never Knew You Didn’t Know by W.R. Runyan Copyright © 2011 by W.R. Runyan

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