Abused, Confused, & Misused Words by Mary Embree Copyright © 2007, 2013 by Mary Embree
v. cit·ed, cit·ing, cites
a. To quote or refer to (a book or author, for example) as an authority or example in making an argument.
b. Law To refer to (a previous court decision or other legal precedent), as when arguing a case.
2. To mention or bring forward as support, illustration, or proof: cited several instances of insubordinate behavior.
a. To commend officially for meritorious action in military service.
b. To honor formally.
4. To issue a notice of violation to: was cited by the police for jaywalking.
To make reference to a previous court decision. Often used with to: The lower court cited to the Supreme Court decision issued last year.
A citation or quotation.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. to quote or refer to (a passage, book, or author) in substantiation as an authority, proof, or example
2. (Military) to mention or commend (a soldier, etc) for outstanding bravery or meritorious action
3. (Law) to summon to appear before a court of law
4. to enumerate: he cited the king’s virtues.
[C15: from Old French citer to summon, from Latin citāre to rouse, from citus quick, from ciēre to excite]
ˈcitable, ˈciteable adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
v.t. cit•ed, cit•ing.
1. to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.), esp. as an authority.
2. to mention in support, proof, or confirmation; refer to as an example: He cited instances of abuse.
3. to summon to appear in court.
4. to call to mind; recall: citing my gratitude to her.
5. to mention (a soldier, unit, etc.) in official dispatches, as for gallantry.
6. to commend, as for outstanding service or devotion to duty.
7. to summon or call; rouse to action.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin citāre to summon before a church court; in Latin, to hurry, set in motion, summon before a court, frequentative of ciēre to move]
cit′a•ble, cite′a•ble, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Past participle: cited
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011